In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Donald Trump`s campaign included a promise to renegotiate or eliminate NAFTA if the renegotiations fail.  After the election, Trump made a series of changes that influenced trade relations with other countries. The exit from the Paris Agreement, the cessation of participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and the significantly larger increase in tariffs with China were some of the steps he took, which reinforced the fact that he was serious about changing NAFTA.  Much of the debate about the virtues and errors of the USMCA resembles the debate on all free trade agreements (FTAs), such as the nature of free trade agreements as public goods, potential violations of national sovereignty and the role of commercial, labour, environmental and consumer interests in the development of the language of trade agreements. New traders entering the Mexican market will also benefit from a lower cost to reach consumers. Express delivery drivers in the United States, which carry many poor quality shipments for these distributors, are also benefiting from reduced costs and increased efficiency. Clinton signed it on December 8, 1993. The agreement came into force on 1 January 1994.   At the signing ceremony, Clinton paid tribute to four people for their efforts to reach the historic trade agreement: Vice President Al Gore, Council of Economic Advisers Chair Laura Tyson, National Economic Council Director Robert Rubin and Republican Congressman David Dreier.  Clinton also said, “NAFTA means jobs. U.S.
jobs and well-paying American jobs. If I didn`t believe it, I wouldn`t support this agreement.  NAFTA replaced the old Canada-U.S. free trade agreement. After Donald Trump`s presidential election, a number of trade experts said that exiting NAFTA, as Proposed by Trump, would have a number of unintended consequences for the United States, including limited access to the largest U.S. export markets, reduced economic growth and higher prices for gasoline, cars, fruits and vegetables.  The textile, agriculture and automotive sectors would be most affected.   Chapter 19 of NAFTA was a trade litigation mechanism that subjects anti-dumping and compensatory tariff rules (AD/CVD) to binational panel review or conventional judicial review.  In the United States, for example, the review of the decisions of anti-dumping and countervailing authorities is normally understood by the United States.