Water Agreement Between Pakistan And India

Just over 60 years ago, on September 19, 1960, the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed between India and Pakistan to share the waters of the Indus River System (IRS). The agreement lasted nine years of negotiations and shares control of six rivers between the two nations that were once signed. Gleick, P. H. How much water is there and who is it? In: The World`s Water 2000-2001: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources (Island Press, Washington, DC, 2000). Following the Ur attack in 2016, India threatened to revoke the Indus Waters Treaty. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said: “Blood and water cannot flow.” [66] [67] To date, such threats have not occurred. [68] However, India decided to resume the Tulbul project on the Jhelum River in the Kashmir Valley, which had previously been suspended in response to Pakistan`s objections. [69] Political analyst Hasan Askari Rizvi in Lahore said any change in Pakistan`s water supply would have devastating effects. [70] Constantly fearing Pakistan, India declared in February 2020 that it wanted to follow the IWT in its letter and spirit. [71] [72] A 10-year transitional period, during which India was forced to supply Pakistan with water from its eastern rivers until Pakistan was able to build the canal system for the exploitation of western river waters. In accordance with Article 5.1 of inland navigation, India has agreed to make a fixed contribution of 62,060,000 pounds per euro (sixty-two million pounds sterling and sixty thousand pounds of gold or 125 tons of gold if the gold standard is met) at the cost of the construction of new headwork and irrigation system for western rivers in Pakistan`s Punjab province.

[16] Despite the Indo-Pak War in 1965, India had paid the total amount in ten annual instalments. [17] [18] [14] The two countries agreed in the treaty to exchange data and cooperate on the optimal use of water from the industrial river system. To this end, the contract provides for the Standing Committee of industry, with the appointment of a representative per country. It would follow the procedure set out to resolve future disputes and disputes over the implementation or interpretation of the contract. The Commission has survived three wars and provides a permanent mechanism for consultation and conflict resolution through inspection, data exchange and visits. The Commission is to meet at least once a year to discuss possible disputes and cooperation agreements for the development of the Indus river system.