And shortly after the convening of the first Congress in 1789, he responded to the request of the seven states and approved 10 constitutional amendments (drafted by James Madison) that became the Bill of Rights. Delegates made compromises by assigning certain responsibilities to the federal government, while removing all other functions from the states. 2. Discuss the benefits of having the Senate as it is. On Monday, September 17, when delegates gathered to sign the Constitution, Benjamin Franklin had prepared a speech. The Constitution may not be perfect, he said, but “I cannot help but express the wish that all members of the Convention who still have objections to it.