Who Wrote The Social Contract About The Agreement Between Society And Its Government

97) and submit to the will of this institution. One joins such an organization, either since its beginnings or after it has already been created by others, only by express consent. After creating a political society and a government by their consent, people receive three things that they lacked in the state of nature: laws, judges to judge laws, and the executive power to enforce those laws. Every human being therefore hands over the power to protect himself and punish violators of the natural law to the government he created by the Pact. Given the fact that the end of the “unification of peoples for the common good” (para. 124) the preservation of their wealth and the preservation of their life, liberty and well-being in general, Locke can easily imagine the conditions under which the pact with the government is destroyed, and people have the right to oppose the authority of a civil government like a king. If the executive power of a government has entered into tyranny, for example by dissolving the legislative power and thus denying the people the opportunity to enact laws for their own preservation, then the resulting tyrant puts himself in a state of nature and, in particular, in a state of war with the people, and they then have the same right to self-defense as before a pact, to establish society in the first place. .